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Publications by Eduardo D. Sontag in year 2000
Articles in journal or book chapters
  1. L. Grüne, E.D. Sontag, and F.R. Wirth. On equivalence of exponential and asymptotic stability under changes of variables. In International Conference on Differential Equations, Vol. 1, 2 (Berlin, 1999), pages 850-852. World Sci. Publishing, River Edge, NJ, 2000. Keyword(s): input to state stability.


  2. D. Angeli, E.D. Sontag, and Y. Wang. A characterization of integral input-to-state stability. IEEE Trans. Automat. Control, 45(6):1082-1097, 2000. [PDF] Keyword(s): input to state stability.
    Abstract:
    Just as input to state stability (ISS) generalizes the idea of finite gains with respect to supremum norms, the new notion of integral input to state stability (IISS) generalizes the concept of finite gain when using an integral norm on inputs. In this paper, we obtain a necessary and sufficient characterization of the IISS property, expressed in terms of dissipation inequalities.


  3. D. Angeli, E.D. Sontag, and Y. Wang. Further equivalences and semiglobal versions of integral input to state stability. Dynamics and Control, 10(2):127-149, 2000. [PDF] [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1008356223747] Keyword(s): input to state stability.
    Abstract:
    This paper continues the study of the integral input-to-state stability (IISS) property. It is shown that the IISS property is equivalent to one which arises from the consideration of mixed norms on states and inputs, as well as to the superposition of a ``bounded energy bounded state'' requirement and the global asymptotic stability of the unforced system. A semiglobal version of IISS is shown to imply the global version, though a counterexample shows that the analogous fact fails for input to state stability (ISS). The results in this note complete the basic theoretical picture regarding IISS and ISS.


  4. X. Bao, Z. Lin, and E.D. Sontag. Finite gain stabilization of discrete-time linear systems subject to actuator saturation. Automatica, 36(2):269-277, 2000. [PDF] Keyword(s): discrete-time, saturation, input-to-state stability.
    Abstract:
    It is shown that, for neutrally stable discrete-time linear systems subject to actuator saturation, finite gain lp stabilization can be achieved by linear output feedback, for all p>1. An explicit construction of the corresponding feedback laws is given. The feedback laws constructed also result in a closed-loop system that is globally asymptotically stable, and in an input-to-state estimate.


  5. W. Maass and E.D. Sontag. Neural Systems as Nonlinear Filters. Neural Comput., 12(8):1743-1772, 2000. [PDF] [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/089976600300015123] Keyword(s): neural networks, Volterra series.
    Abstract:
    We analyze computations on temporal patterns and spatio-temporal patterns in formal network models whose temporal dynamics arises from empirically established quantitative models for short term dynamics at biological synapses. We give a complete characterization of all linear and nonlinear filters that can be approximated by such dynamic network models: it is the class of all filters that can be approximated by Volterra series. This characterization is shown to be rather stable with regard to changes in the model. For example it is shown that synaptic facilitation and one layer of neurons suffices for approximating arbitrary filters from this class. Our results provide a new complexity hierarchy for all filters that are approximable by Volterra series, which appears to be closer related to the actual cost of implementing such filters in neural hardware than preceding complexity measures. Our results also provide a new parameterization for approximations to such filters in terms of parameters that are arguable related to those that are tunable in biological neural systems.


  6. M. Malisoff and E.D. Sontag. Universal formulas for feedback stabilization with respect to Minkowski balls. Systems Control Lett., 40(4):247-260, 2000. [PDF] Keyword(s): nonlinear control, feedback stabilization, saturation, control-Lyapunov functions.
    Abstract:
    This note provides explicit algebraic stabilizing formulas for clf's when controls are restricted to certain Minkowski balls in Euclidean space. Feedbacks of this kind are known to exist by a theorem of Artstein, but the proof of Artstein's theorem is nonconstructive. The formulas are obtained from a general feedback stabilization technique and are used to construct approximation solutions to some stabilization problems.


  7. L. Rosier and E.D. Sontag. Remarks regarding the gap between continuous, Lipschitz, and differentiable storage functions for dissipation inequalities appearing in H infinity control. Systems Control Lett., 41(4):237-249, 2000. [PDF] Keyword(s): viscosity solutions, H-infinity control.
    Abstract:
    This paper deals with the regularity of solutions of the Hamilton-Jacobi Inequality which arises in H-infinity control. It shows by explicit counterexamples that there are gaps between existence of continuous and locally Lipschitz (positive definite and proper) solutions, and between Lipschitz and continuously differentiable ones. On the other hand, it is shown that it is always possible to smooth-out solutions, provided that an infinitesimal increase in gain is allowed.


  8. E.D. Sontag and Y. Wang. Lyapunov characterizations of input to output stability. SIAM J. Control Optim., 39(1):226-249, 2000. [PDF] [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/S0363012999350213] Keyword(s): input to state stability.
    Abstract:
    This paper presents necessary and sufficient characterizations of several notions of input to output stability. Similar Lyapunov characterizations have been found to play a key role in the analysis of the input to state stability property, and the results given here extend their validity to the case when the output, but not necessarily the entire internal state, is being regulated.


Conference articles
  1. M. Chyba, N.E. Leonard, and E.D. Sontag. Time-optimal control for underwater vehicles. In N.E. Leonard and R. Ortega, editors, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Methods for Nonlinear Control, pages 117-122, 2000. Pergamon Press, Oxford. [PDF]


  2. D. Liberzon, A.S. Morse, and E.D. Sontag. A new definition of the minimum-phase property for nonlinear systems, with an application to adaptive control. In Proc. IEEE Conf. Decision and Control, Sydney, Dec. 2000, IEEE Publications, 2000, pages 2106-2111, 2000.


  3. T. Natschläger, W. Maass, E.D. Sontag, and A. Zador. Processing of time series by neural circuits with biologically realistic synaptic dynamics. In Todd K. Leen, Thomas G. Dietterich, and Volker Tresp, editors, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 13 (NIPS2000), pages 145-151, 2000. MIT Press, Cambridge. [PDF] Keyword(s): neural networks, Volterra series.
    Abstract:
    Experimental data show that biological synapses are dynamic, i.e., their weight changes on a short time scale by several hundred percent in dependence of the past input to the synapse. In this article we explore the consequences that this synaptic dynamics entails for the computational power of feedforward neural networks. It turns out that even with just a single hidden layer such networks can approximate a surprisingly large large class of nonlinear filters: all filters that can be characterized by Volterra series. This result is robust with regard to various changes in the model for synaptic dynamics. Furthermore we show that simple gradient descent suffices to approximate a given quadratic filter by a rather small neural system with dynamic synapses.



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